LOOT AND RAID
and raid in the context of Islam means attacking the kafirs' for a Moslem is not
supposed to attack a fellow Moslem. The Arabic word for raid is 'ghazzua' and it
also implies killing and enslaving the kafirs. This is the word from which is
derived the very honorable term 'ghazi' meaning a warrior of Islam that has
killed many kafirs.
The loot taken from the
kafir is legal for a Moslem. The distribution of the loot or booty, which
includes the men, women and children, is done according to well-defined
regulations described in the Koran and the Hadis. The first fifth of the loot
goes to the prophet or the caliph and in their absence to the mullah who is in
charge. The balance four-fifths are shared by the rest of the fighters who took
part in the raid.
In pre-Islamic Arabia,
such raids were considered shameful acts. However, the prophet had explained to
his followers that since he was the last prophet for all time to come, such
raids had now been sanctioned by Allah. Thus the property taken from the kafirs
now was quite in order.